COVID-19’s Impact on Land Use and Improvement in New York


Anthony Guardino

The novel coronavirus has had a crippling have an effect on on nearly each side of our lives and livelihoods. All of us are struggling the tough circumstances, sicknesses, and deaths of household, pals, and colleagues.

This column focuses on a selected slice of the financial system—land use planning and zoning—and the way property homeowners, builders, and native officers in New York have handled, and the way they proceed to take care of, the ramifications of the coronavirus and COVID-19.

The Governor’s Orders

On March 7, 2020, Governor Andrew M. Cuomo issued Government Order Quantity 202, declaring a catastrophe emergency for the whole state given the existence of each travel-related circumstances and group contact transmission of COVID-19 in New York. As of this writing, the governor has adopted that preliminary govt order with roughly three dozen associated govt orders, out there at

A number of days after the March 7 govt order, the governor issued Government Order Quantity 202.1, which suspends Article 7 of the Public Officers Legislation, also referred to as the Open Assembly Legislation, to the extent obligatory to allow any public physique to fulfill and take such actions approved by the regulation with out permitting the general public to be bodily current on the assembly. The order authorizes conferences to be held remotely by convention name or an analogous service, offered that the general public has the power to view or take heed to the continuing and that it’s recorded and later transcribed.

Some native officers throughout the state, maybe as a result of they didn’t consider that they had acceptable know-how or as a result of they have been involved about violating the regulation, merely shut down and determined to not conduct official enterprise. Zoning and planning boards contemplated easy methods to proceed.

Many native governments, departments, and companies started to carry “digital” conferences by livestreaming them, whereas working towards social distancing, and have continued to function. For instance, the board of appeals of the Lengthy Island city of Hempstead has begun holding public hearings by video convention with members of the board in attendance within the city corridor auditorium. These conferences are livestreamed at and are recorded for subsequent viewing. members of the general public can take part within the hearings and supply dwell feedback by submitting their contact data to the board previous to the listening to date.

As one other instance: Conferences of the planning board and the zoning board of appeals (ZBA) of the city of Huntington, in Lengthy Island’s Suffolk County, have been broadcast dwell on authorities entry TV in addition to at, the place hyperlinks to agendas for all conferences have been revealed forward of time. There are also hyperlinks the place the general public could view paperwork associated to objects on the agendas and assembly video feeds which have been made out there for replay after the conferences happen.

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Within the city of Brookhaven, additionally in Suffolk County, the planning board and ZBA each are holding digital public hearings that enable members of the general public to take part within the hearings in actual time. individuals could submit inquiries to the board a couple of specific software whereas it’s being mentioned utilizing a “Q&A hyperlink” discovered on the Zoom assembly web page.

Processing of Functions

With public buildings primarily closed, new procedures needed to be created for events to submit functions for variances, web site plan overview and different aid and for municipal boards to course of and listen to these functions.

Huntington’s ZBA has developed in depth procedures to deal with this. These procedures, out there at, require that residential and business candidates e mail their digital functions to the ZBA. Every software should include a abstract of the aid the applicant is searching for and a proof of why it must be granted, together with professional affidavits if deemed obligatory or required as a matter of regulation. Instances already filed and on-line have to be augmented with the extra submissions.

The ZBA uploads the packet for every software to the city’s web site 10 days earlier than the listening to in order that it’s accessible to each board members and most people. Candidates should notify by mail anybody throughout the discover radius; the general public has 10 days from the date of that discover to e mail written feedback to the ZBA. All public feedback are put on-line and the matter is marked “totally submitted.”

The “listening to” consists of a convention name or net convention with board members and the board’s counsel on the road. The applicant and its representatives could take heed to or view the continuing, however could not take part dwell. The identical is true for members of the general public.

The continuing is broadcast dwell on native public entry channels and in town web site, and the ZBA’s court docket reporter creates a transcript remotely from the published. Choices are filed with the clerk’s workplace within the extraordinary course of enterprise.

However Huntington’s procedures, and related procedures adopted elsewhere, it is very important acknowledge that, as a sensible matter, many native governments all through the state have postponed public hearings, leaving functions in limbo, neither accepted nor denied.

Statute of Limitations

One other complicating issue for candidates and boards is the suspension by the governor of the relevant statute of limitations, which exposes the board’s determination to persevering with litigation danger. Ordinarily, an motion difficult the grant of a variance or approval of a web site plan, particular allow or subdivision software have to be filed inside 30 days after the choice is filed with the municipal clerk. That interval has been suspended, which implies that a problem could also be well timed if filed effectively after 30 days and maybe even after development at a web site has begun and bills have been incurred. Profitable candidates could chorus from commencing development till they’re assured that their litigation publicity has been diminished. As of this writing, it’s not sure when that can happen.

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Development Restrictions

A neighborhood board’s determination to approve an software for a constructing allow is often excellent news for the applicant. Evaluating the advantages of an approval is far more sophisticated throughout the COVID-19 disaster. In essence, and relying on particular person circumstances, it might be tough for candidates to resolve what they will—or ought to—do with a constructing allow issued now.

For one factor, development has been restricted, and in some situations fully barred, all through the state pursuant to the governor’s “NY on PAUSE” order. Initially, solely “expert trades, corresponding to electricians and plumbers” and “different associated development corporations and professionals for important infrastructure or for emergency restore and security functions” have been permitted to proceed work.

Subsequent steering from the state indicated that:

All non-essential development needed to shut down besides emergency development, corresponding to a venture obligatory to guard the well being and security of a web site’s occupants or to proceed a venture if it might be unsafe to close it down till it grew to become protected to take action;
Important development corresponding to roads, bridges, transit services, utilities, hospitals or well being care services, inexpensive housing, and homeless shelters may proceed; and
A single employee who’s the only worker or employee on a job web site may proceed working.

The state made it clear that each important or emergency non-essential development web site needed to keep social distancing, together with for functions of elevators, meals, entry, and exit. Websites that might not keep distance and security finest practices needed to shut or face fines of as much as $10,000 per violation.

The governor subsequently launched interim steering dated Might 13, 2020 that applies to important development wherever within the state and to non-essential development in areas which have been permitted to reopen. The nine-page steering, out there at, is organized round three distinct classes: individuals, locations, and processes.

First, the steering units forth requirements for bodily distancing (for instance, a distance of a minimum of six ft have to be maintained amongst staff always, until security of the core exercise, corresponding to dry walling, glazing, and lifting, requires a shorter distance); gatherings in enclosed areas (for instance, schedules must be staggered for workers to look at bodily distancing for espresso breaks, meals, and shift begins and stops); and motion and commerce (for instance, non-essential guests on a worksite must be prohibited, and designated areas for pickups and deliveries have to be established, limiting contact to the extent potential).

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Subsequent, the steering requires that staff be supplied with private protecting gear (PPE); mandates compliance with hygiene and sanitation necessities as suggested by the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) and the New York State Division of Well being (NYSDOH); and insists on the creation of a communication plan that features relevant directions, coaching, signage, and a constant means to offer staff with data. The steering states that improvement of webpages, textual content and e mail teams, and social media must be thought of.

Lastly, the steering discusses the necessity for screening and testing (together with obligatory each day well being screening) in addition to tracing and monitoring (which requires, amongst different issues, notification to the native well being division and the NYSDOH when an employer is knowledgeable of any constructive COVID-19 take a look at consequence by a employee at a web site).

After all, builders which have obtained the required permits and authorizations to start development should fastidiously adjust to all of those necessities in the event that they resolve to proceed.

Complicating the state of affairs, nevertheless, is the truth that constructing permits sometimes expire inside one yr of being granted. Property homeowners could resolve to delay accepting and even making use of for constructing permits now, particularly if the development they search to carry out is “non-essential” and they’re in a area that also doesn’t allow non-essential development. Additionally they must weigh the chance that in the event that they apply for and procure a allow, they could not be capable of full development inside one yr. (It must be famous that a minimum of one jurisdiction—Lengthy Island’s Brookhaven—has prolonged the efficient interval of constructing permits issued throughout the COVID-19 disaster from one yr to 18 months; different jurisdictions could comply with swimsuit.)


All companies have been affected by COVID-19, together with these related to property improvement. Because the state strikes towards reopening, lots of the points which have restricted native authorities and development might be resolved, albeit below the framework and pointers set forth in “New York Ahead,” out there at Many questions stay to be answered, nevertheless, and native authorities officers and enterprise individuals ought to seek the advice of with counsel and their different advisers to finest guarantee compliance with the brand new actuality. Adjustments happen often, and everybody should totally recognize what’s required of us all.


Anthony S. Guardino is a companion with Farrell Fritz, P.C. within the agency’s Hauppauge workplace. He will be reached at [email protected].




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