How was air transport in the united states? (PHOTOS) – Russia Past

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An Ilyushin Il-62 Traditional plane, the primary Soviet intercontinental jet airliner, from Aeroflot to Vnukovo airport.

Dmitriy Kozlov / Sputnik

The reminiscence of passengers about air journey within the Soviet Union varies: some consider that civil aviation on the time was extra accessible and reasonably priced than as we speak; for others, quite the opposite, it’s related to countless queues for tickets. So what did issues appear to be?

Soviet civil aviation was formally born in 1923, when "Dobrolyot", a voluntary airline fleet firm, was created to move passengers and mail. In 1932, Dobrolyot was remodeled into the Civil Aerospace Normal Directorate, often called Aeroflot, which grew to become the official (and solely) airline in the united states. At the moment, the Soviet Union had developed its personal airplane: U-2, PS-9, Ok-5.

The routes weren’t quite a few: flights connecting Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Kharkov, Odessa, Leningrad and Kiev. Vladivostok or Yakutsk is simply accessible with stops.

Right here's how the primary passengers of a U-2SP plane traveled in 1940:

Civil aviation actually started to develop within the Soviet Union solely after the Nice Patriotic Battle. Within the 50s, Aeroflot obtained a jet airplane and the flight grew to become a lot sooner and fulfilling: if, within the 1930s, a flight from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod took 4 hours, there remained just one hour and a half.

The primary Tu-104 jet flight passed off on the route Moscow – Omsk – Irkutsk in 1956. Smoking was allowed on board (on international flights it was allowed to smoke on board till 39 in 2000).

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Within the 1960s, air visitors linked not solely the capitals of the Soviet republics, but in addition regional facilities. The variety of aerodromes has proliferated everywhere in the nation. For instance, from Voronezh (an industrial middle in southern Russia), flights have been organized to just about 100 cities.

The airport of Voronezh.

E.Khmeltsev / Sputnik

In 1976, Aeroflot grew to become the primary airline on this planet to hold greater than 100 million passengers in a single yr.

Yakutsk airport.

Mark Redkin / Sputnik

Within the early 1960s Moscow had 4 airports: Vnukovo, Bykovo, Sheremetyevo and Domodedovo. The capital was thought-about the principle hub of the nation: it linked greater than 200 cities of the Soviet Union. Here’s what the Domodedovo airport terminal seemed like in 1965:

Domodedovo Airport, 1965.

Sergei Preobrazhensky / TASS

So how a lot did the tickets value? The 1990 Moscow passenger listing lists the next ticket costs: from Moscow to Sochi, 31 rubles (about three,400 present rubles or US $ 50), to Leningrad, 18 rubles (1,900 rubles or US $ 29), to Vladivostok, 134 rubles (14,600 rubles or $ 220). These costs are fairly akin to the present air fares, however we should not overlook that the typical month-to-month wage of a specialist in the united states was 170 rubles, removed from what everybody can afford to take. airplane. That stated, flights inside areas or between regional facilities have been way more reasonably priced.


Georgy Petrusov / Sputnik

The value of the ticket included meals (served on actual porcelain plates) and a free baggage allowance. Every passenger can save 20 kg at no cost, plus hand baggage. On small plane, such because the An-2, and helicopters, baggage was restricted to 10 kg.

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Passengers dine on the Tu-104, the primary Soviet passenger airplane.

Valeriy Shustov / Sputnik

Kids beneath 5 years can journey at no cost, whereas kids aged 5 to 12 are entitled to a 50% low cost. In the course of the college yr, from October to Might, the identical low cost is utilized to all schoolchildren and college students. All costs have been mounted. Veterans have been entitled to free airline tickets twice a yr.

A flight attendant serves passengers on board a Tu-104 plane in 1958:

A child aboard the Soviet Tu-104.

B. Vdovenko / Sputnik

The tickets have been offered in particular air transport terminals. Getting a ticket to a well-liked vacation spot like Anapa or Sochi has not at all times been straightforward.

July 1, 1958. An Aeroflot worker solutions a cellphone name.


An attention-grabbing truth: till the 1970s, tickets may very well be purchased and not using a passport: they didn’t have a specific title. Passengers have been required to current an ID solely when checking in on the airport.

In Moscow, the check-in might happen on the airport and on the air terminal of the Leningradsky Prospect (Leningradsky Avenue) in Moscow. Inside, it seemed like an extraordinary airport terminal, besides that there was no airplane there. From there, particular specific buses carried registered passengers to the airports involved. At the moment, there have been few vehicles in Moscow and the journey took just one hour and price lower than one ruble (100 present rubles, or 1.5 ). Related buses served passengers in transit between the 4 airports within the metropolis, offering a really handy and quick service.

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Moscow, 1966. The inside view of the terminal.

Nikolai Akimov, Naum Granovsky / TASS

By the way, though the Soviet Union had scheduled worldwide flights (to the USA, Europe and Asia), an extraordinary citizen couldn’t purchase tickets for these flights. Within the Soviet period, just a few individuals with an exit visa might journey overseas.

Vnukovo, 1983.

Vladimir Yatsina / TASS

So who was allowed to fly on these flights? Cultural personalities, officers, athletes and, after all, international vacationer teams. If on home flights, there was no division into completely different courses of service, nonetheless, on worldwide routes, Aeroflot was attempting to fulfill the perfect Western requirements.

Tu-144, 1973.

Viktor Velikzhanin, Vitaly Sozinov / TASS

In 1990, Aeroflot already carried greater than 140 million passengers a yr. At the moment, the nation had about 1,500 aerodromes, largely within the areas. By the way, there are lower than 300 left as we speak.

Sheremetyevo-2, 1980.

Boris Korsin / TASS

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