Agricultural manufacturing within the coastal wetlands of Asia is usually hindered by salinity intrusion attributable to tidal fluctuation. This paper experiences modifications in environmental and socio-economic situations that adopted the phased development and operation of sluices for controlling seawater intrusion from 1994 –2000 in a coastal space of the Mekong River Delta, Vietnam. Canal water salinity decreased quickly upstream of sluices, permitting rice cropping intensification and elevated rice manufacturing within the jap a part of the examine space. Nevertheless, the livelihoods of farmers within the western half had been adversely affected on account of cessation of provide of brackish water that was wanted for brackish-water shrimp farming, whereas the acid sulphate soils current there posed issues for rice cultivation. The poor farmers and landless folks suffered extra as a result of the fishery useful resource that they trusted declined sharply on account of lowered salinity and elevated acidity within the canal water. The findings confirmed that the setting and useful resource use within the coastal lands are very delicate to exterior intervention. A transparent understanding of the socio-economic and environmental impacts of salinity management measures in coastal areas might help planning to boost farmers’ incomes whereas minimizing detrimental environmental impacts. Land-use coverage formulation, planning and administration ought to undertake a extra holistic method, taking into consideration the pursuits of all useful resource customers, particularly the poor, as a substitute of specializing in any specific sector.
Tuong, T.P.; Kam, S.P.; Hoanh, C.T.; Dung, L.C.; Khiem, N.T.; Barr, J.; Ben, D.C. Impact of seawater intrusion management on the setting, land use and family incomes in a coastal space. Paddy and Water Atmosphere (2003) 1 (2) 65-73. [DOI: 10.1007/s10333-003-0015-2]
Impact of seawater intrusion management on the setting, land use and family incomes in a coastal space