Lund: Sweden’s latest tramway metropolis

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The primary of the Lund CAF Urbos 100 trams approaches town terminus at Clemenstorget through the coaching interval in August 2020. Picture courtesy of L. Jorcher / CC BY-SA three.zero

Within the southern Swedish province of Skåne lies town of Lund, a pretty metropolis with a inhabitants of 94 00zero, simply 15km (9.three miles) from Malmö.

Lund’s inhabitants doubled within the second half of the 20th Century, pushed by the expansion of its college – the nation’s second-oldest, based in 1666 – and high-tech trade. The centre retains its medieval structure, surrounded by fashionable suburbs, with the college’s engineering school and related establishments dominating the north-east.

On 12 December town’s first fashionable tramline – linking Lund C railway station on Clemenstorget and the hospital, college and science park – was launched, 5 years after the 5.8km (three.6-mile) mission was authorized in December 2015.

The road marks the primary new Swedish tramway since 1911 (when the never-opened sanatorium line in Ulricehamn was accomplished). The SEK1.47bn (EUR143m) scheme was collectively funded by the nationwide Authorities (SEK388m/EUR37.8m), Skåne province (SEK567m/EUR55.3m) and town (SEK512m/EUR50m). The opening was essentially low-key on account of coronavirus restrictions, with no main public ceremony.

The double-track standard-gauge line, constructed by Skanska between 2017 and 2020, runs on avenue observe within the metropolis centre (although different visitors has been diverted away from Sankt Laurentiigatan), however totally on non-signalled reserved route, with 40 000m2 of grass reservation; 300 new timber had been planted alongside the road. Most stops characteristic 45m platforms (Lund C is 35m and Universitetssjukhuset is 80m) and the outer terminus at Brunnshög, web site of the depot and workshop, serves the ESS scientific analysis facility.

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5 33m double-ended, 2.65m-wide five-section low-floor trams had been delivered by CAF for the opening, with the primary arriving on 29 July 2020. Two extra are due by the center of January. The producer’s contract contains ten years of upkeep and spares.

After free rides on 12 December, common service commenced the next day, however to a truncated timetable with 20-minute headways Monday-Friday and 30 minutes at weekends. It’s hoped to usher in the deliberate seven-and-a-half minute peak frequency (06.00-09.00 and 14.00-18.00) from 1 February.

Lund didn’t have a first-generation tramway. Metropolis bus operations started in 1927 and immediately there are seven strains, operated on behalf of Skånetrafiken by Vy buss. The tramway has changed Lundalänken line 20 and is a part of the municipality’s plans to fulfill the problem of local weather change; town goals to be carbon impartial by 2050.

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