Worldwide Journey and U.S. Border Restrictions – The Nationwide Regulation Evaluate

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Employers in the US who sponsor overseas nationals for work visas might already pay attention to the varied obstacles their workers face when getting into the US in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. These obstacles embrace a presidential proclamation of June 22, 2020 suspending the entry of individuals with chosen nonimmigrant visas; a presidential proclamation of April 22, 2020 suspending the entry of individuals searching for to enter the US on an immigrant visa; an settlement of March 20, 2020 with Canada and Mexico to restrict cross-border site visitors to “important journey”; and a collection of Presidential Proclamations suspending entry into the US for any overseas nationwide who has been bodily current in particular geographic areas throughout a 14-day interval previous to entry into the US. United States, together with Brazil, the 26 Schengen international locations, the UK and Eire, China and Iran. Along with these formal entry restrictions, employers have additionally confronted sensible hurdles for sponsored overseas nationwide workers, together with the continued suspension of visa providers in most international locations around the globe.

Along with these restrictions affecting U.S. employers who sponsor overseas nationals, employers with multinational operations face an extra degree of complexity within the type of journey restrictions imposed by different international locations that have an effect on their mobility. worldwide workforce.

Previous to the COVID-19 pandemic, workers ceaselessly took cross-border journeys, whether or not for short-term enterprise journeys or short-term expatriate assignments or relocations. To comprise the unfold of COVID-19, border closures and journey bans and restrictions have been carried out virtually in every single place, typically extending to a rustic's personal residents (for instance, the UK). ; Ecuador, Kazakhstan), leaving individuals stranded overseas. These measures had been largely centered on entry into international locations, however some international locations have closed borders in each instructions, prohibiting (or no less than limiting themselves to important enterprise) journey overseas (for instance, Australia, Kazakhstan) and / or by suspending airways and different cross-border transport. choices (eg Kenya, United Arab Emirates). After all, within the midst of those restrictions, there have been just a few outliers – South Korea and Israel selected to not shut their borders from day one.

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Not too long ago, international locations which have closed their borders have slowly began to permit restricted entry. For instance, on June 30, 2020, the Council of the European Union (EU) adopted a advice to part within the lifting of restrictions on non-essential journey throughout the EU for residents of 15 international locations. Nonetheless, at the same time as international locations start to open their borders, some are imposing new restrictions. Japan, for instance, added 18 new international locations to its checklist of restricted international locations primarily based on a call of its Nationwide Safety Council of June 29, 2020. Just like a number of the US journey restrictions, any traveler who has stayed in a restricted nation throughout the 14 days previous to the touchdown request might be denied touchdown in Japan.

Along with these restrictions primarily based on the containment of COVID-19, some international locations are additionally introducing journey restrictions primarily based on reciprocity (i.e. imposing restrictions in response to different international locations limiting the entry of their residents.) South Korea, for instance, has suspended the visa waiver. entries indefinitely for nationals of nations that prohibit visa-free entry of South Korean nationals.

Like restrictions in the US, visa providers are suspended around the globe and these measures are used as a technique of controlling journey and entry at borders. For instance, Singapore refused work visa functions that had been already underneath evaluation when immigration companies had been closed on account of COVID-19 measures, not solely forcing processing delays, but in addition employers to re-evaluate whether or not to incur the price of submitting new claims for brand spanking new workers and transferees. .

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Nations which have relaxed their journey and border restrictions proceed to require quarantine on arrival at present residences or authorities amenities (typically on the traveller's expense), and both a well being certificates or necessary COVID-19 check on arrival, topic to nation of departure.

The desk under offers a tough illustration of the relative levels of journey restrictions in a number of jurisdictions.

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© 2020, Ogletree, Deakins, Nash, Smoak & Stewart, P.C., All rights reserved.Nationwide Regulation Evaluate, Quantity X, Quantity 182

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